English is not my native language. I came across this question in a tutorial video. The tutor gave option 4 as answer ,but I think the answer is option 5. Am I correct?.

Q)The Budget announced substantial _______ of ________ to critical sectors like education and healthcare.


  1. expenditure, capital
  2. sanction, initiative
  3. allotment, security
  4. disbursement, investment
  5. allocation, resources
  • 1
    Is the comma before of in the original question?
    – KillingTime
    Feb 8 '21 at 13:07
  • 1
    Well, the comma doesn't belong there. Several of the answers fit, but none perfectly.
    – Hot Licks
    Feb 8 '21 at 13:08
  • 4
    A poorly constructed question that admits of several justifiable answers rather than only one. I would rank the alternatives from best to worst as 5, 4, 1. The others are nonsense. The comma is otiose, as is the tutor.
    – Anton
    Feb 8 '21 at 13:18
  • @KillingTime, Hot Licks,Anton Thanks. Comma was a mistake from my side.
    – Ajay
    Feb 8 '21 at 14:08
  • (5) certainly works. Idiomaticity is hard to judge with offbeat statements from financial institutions etc. If you came out with (4) in a crowded room (remember those?), most Anglophones would give you a strange look. Feb 8 '21 at 14:25

Perhaps (5) is considered incorrect as "allocation" is more normally a countable noun.

... substantial allocations of resources to ...

But while (4) might be grammatically sound, but the collocation of "disbursement of investment to someone" means paying them the money from the fund,

After disbursement of investment to a client, it is the sole duty of the disbursing branch to monitor the investment...

It's not about budgeting, so (4) is meaningless, as far as I can tell (and I did need to look up the words and context so you would need specialist financial knowledge, not testing English). Disbursement is the actual release of money, not a plan or budget

I don't think "expenditure...to.. sectors" is the common structure. You would use expenditure in...

... substantial expenditure of capital in critical sectors...

So, after all, it's a bad test, with no correct answers.

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