FeliniusRex is right, the best terms to use relate to the verb stick: the relevant meaning is intransitive, and for intransitive words the participles have different meanings to those for transitive verbs.
We generally use the past participle about things that got into a particular state in the past, and is still in that state. We use the present participle about a state that exists intermittently, or that exists now but hasn't always been that way and might not stay that way.
If something won't move at all, we therefore use the past participle.
the latch is stuck.
If something moves with difficulty, or sometimes it moves and sometimes it doesn't, we can use the present tense, with some frequency qualifier:
The latch sometimes sticks.
Alternatively, we can use the present participle:
The latch is sticking.
Here is an example that uses both the participle and present simple in relation to a harpsichord key that intermittently sticks:
Be sure that it is the key, rather than the jack, that is sticking. Use the test described in the last chapter: remove the jacks that are operated by the sticking key and try the key again. If the key still sticks, that is indeed where the problem is. - The Harpsichord owner's guide - Edward L. Kottick