Does it mean 'such reactions exist in addition to any tendencies'? Or, such reactions precede any tendencies, that is, the former is more important than the latter?
One way in which someone’s loyalty might be expressed is through a tendency to identify herself with the object of her loyalty. Such a loyal person to some extent treats the thing to which she is loyal as though it was her, feeling as she would feel and acting as she would act if certain things that are true of it were true of her. If your loyalty to your favorite sporting team is expressed in such a way, then you may feel like a success yourself when your team is doing well, and like a failure when your team is doing badly. You may feel pride when your team does something good — when it wins a tough game or raises money for charity — and you may feel shame when your team does something bad — when it gives a boring performance or mistreats its players. Such reactions exist beyond any tendencies to want to advance the interests of the object of your loyalty, to serve as its advocate, or to venerate it through involvement in appropriate rituals.