0

Does it mean 'such reactions exist in addition to any tendencies'? Or, such reactions precede any tendencies, that is, the former is more important than the latter?

One way in which someone’s loyalty might be expressed is through a tendency to identify herself with the object of her loyalty. Such a loyal person to some extent treats the thing to which she is loyal as though it was her, feeling as she would feel and acting as she would act if certain things that are true of it were true of her. If your loyalty to your favorite sporting team is expressed in such a way, then you may feel like a success yourself when your team is doing well, and like a failure when your team is doing badly. You may feel pride when your team does something good — when it wins a tough game or raises money for charity — and you may feel shame when your team does something bad — when it gives a boring performance or mistreats its players. Such reactions exist beyond any tendencies to want to advance the interests of the object of your loyalty, to serve as its advocate, or to venerate it through involvement in appropriate rituals.

0

Q. What does 'exist beyond' mean in the passage?

Does it mean 'such reactions exist in addition to any tendencies'? Or, such reactions precede any tendencies, that is, the former is more important than the latter?


such reactions exist in addition to any tendencies is probably somewhere close

"it is not limited too"

In this context it means "it is not limited too", what would be considered normal and implies that the enthusiasm verges on the fanatical, where self and subject identity have merged. A common example is of a sports fan who feels that they are part of the club or in more extreme cases as if they are part of the team. Whilst clearly they are just a spectator.

exist beyond

exist verb [I] (BE)

beyond preposition, adverb (OUTSIDE A LIMIT)

Ref CED Exist Beyond

1
  • Thank you, Brad.
    – user129726
    Mar 16 at 23:27

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.