It's time colleges helped you compare apples to apples.

(The Boston Globe)

If the time is a present moment, why does the journalist use "help" in the past tense? Or is "helped" subjunctive?

2 Answers 2


My first reaction here was that this cannot be a past subjunctive, because with BE in the first or third person singular the same idiom calls for simple past WAS rather than subjunctive WERE:

It is time I was in bed.
It is time he was going.

However, a little quick Google-Booking turned up a handful of such uses as time he were and time I were down to about World War I. Moreover, a common variant of the idiom employs the modal should, which often replaces irrealis subjunctives:

It is high time this war should be ended.

So I think, Yes, this is a past subjunctive, employed to express a proposition which is not a fact (but should be). And like the past subjunctive in other cases, it has lost its distinctive forms for 1st and 3rd person singular BE:

If he was/were here he would have something to say about that.


The expression it's time can be followed by to + infinitive, for + object + to + infinitive, or subject + past tense verb.

  1. It's time to go.
  2. It's time for me to go.
  3. It's time she went home.
  4. It's time I went home.

There is no difference in meaning, other than who is being referred to -- and all 4 variations refer to present time; in #1, the referent could be the speaker or one or more listeners, depending on the context. To my ear, the subject + past tense verb construction sounds more judgmental or critical: in #3, the critical tone is directed towards the third person, a female, and in #4 reflexively towards the speaker him- or herself.

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