1

Reading this article, there is a line,

President Joe Biden signed an executive order on Friday empaneling a commission to examine possible reforms to the Supreme Court and federal judiciary, making good on a campaign trail promise sparked by his predecessor's tilting of the federal bench

Question 1

What does "make good" mean from the following definitions?

  1. If you make good some damage, a loss, or a debt, you try to repair the damage, replace what has been lost, or repay the debt.

  2. If someone makes good a threat or promise or makes good on it, they do what they have threatened or promised to do.

  3. If someone makes good, they become successful, famous, or rich.

I guess without any support here make good would mean by 2?

Question 2

What does federal bench mean here?

Would that mean possibly the line of judges changed by the former president Trump here?

2
  • 1
    Both your intuitions are exactly correct.
    – randomhead
    Apr 11 at 20:39
  • @randomhead Thank you. Now anybody is free for bounty by making answer please.
    – Kentaro
    Apr 11 at 20:42
2

making good on a campaign trail promise sparked by his predecessor's tilting of the federal bench

Your interpretations are fine. 'Make good' is defined in one dictionary as follows.

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/make-good

If someone makes good a threat or promise or makes good on it, they do what they have threatened or promised to do.

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