What are the differences:
vexation of spirit
the vexation of spirit
Consider this special context: “Better is one handful of rest than two handfuls of toil and vexation of spirit.”
1, Because “rest” and “toil” do not have THE, vexation should not have THE so as to make it read better.
2, There might be something about the word “vexation” historically. But modern English would only say “the vexation of spirit”, because of the “the...of...” pattern. (Or can you provide a modern English sentence where it is better to use “vexation of spirit”?)