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Does he like clothes made of cotton?

Why can't I use the passive form here and say

Does he like clothes are made of cotton?

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Why can't I use the passive form here and say "Does he like clothes are made of cotton?

I don't understand what you mean by "passive form" in this case.

Anyway,

The reason you can't do so is because you would be mangling the clause Does he like clothes made of cotton in that case.

Basically, the full clause is which are made of cotton and its abbreviated version the one you've used. You could read more about such clauses under Reduced Relative Clauses.

I hope it's easy to see now why your version doesn't work.

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    In other words, made of cotton acts as an adjective describing a particular type of clothes. Commented Apr 23, 2021 at 7:44
  • That's right, @Kate Bunting.
    – user126190
    Commented Apr 23, 2021 at 9:13

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