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Reading this article, there is a line,

Americans believe that President Biden faced bigger challenges than his predecessor Donald Trump during his first 100 days in office — and performed better than Trump despite those difficulties, according to a new Yahoo News/YouGov poll.

The survey of 1,558 U.S. adults, which was conducted from April 27 to April 29, found that less than a third say Trump’s challenges were bigger than Biden’s (31 percent) or that Trump performed better (32 percent) during the first 100 days of his presidency. Pluralities say Biden has performed better than Trump (41 percent) in the face of greater obstacles (37 percent).

The definitions of plurarity from Merriam paid version.

1a: the state of being plural

b: the state of being numerous

c: a large number or quantity

2: pluralism 1 also : a benefice held by pluralism

3a: a number greater than another

b: an excess of votes over those cast for an opposing candidate

c: a number of votes cast for a candidate in a contest of more than two candidates that is greater than the number cast for any other candidate but not more than half the total votes cast

I presumably think possibly it would be 3a?

Please let me know here which defition the word "plurarity" falls into.

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It is definition 3a and 3c, but applied to a survey instead of an actual vote.

If, in a group of people, more than half vote for or otherwise approve of something, that is called a majority.

If no single candidate (or issue) receives more than half of the vote (or approval), the side with the most is called the plurality.

Here a plurality of people approve of Biden's performance—that is, more people than are either neutral or disapproving, but not 51% or more of the surveyed group.

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