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I would be pleased if someone could explain to me the participle in this sentence :

James has made a breakthrough in his math this year, doing excellent work in comparison with last year

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  • [Please note: the verb explain needs to be used like this: if someone could explain to me the participle, etc.]
    – Lambie
    May 13 at 16:01
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James has made a breakthrough in his math this year, [doing excellent work in comparison with last year].

The bracketed element is a gerund-participial (non-finite) clause functioning as a supplementary adjunct.

Supplements are not modifiers, but loosely attached expressions set off by intonation (and usually punctuation) presenting supplementary, non-integrated content.

Although supplements are not syntactically dependent on a head, they are semantically related to an 'anchor' (sometimes called a 'host'). In your example, the anchor is the subject of the clause which the supplement follows, i.e. "James".

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  • Wow! Thank you for your comment but can you give an explanation simply. May 15 at 9:27
  • You mean the bracketed element functions as an adverb? May 15 at 9:41
  • @ibrahimsahingil Is it just the grammar that you are asking about?
    – BillJ
    May 15 at 9:41
  • @ibrahimsahingil No; it doesn't modify anything, so I wouldn't call it an adverbial. It's an extra piece of optional information about the subject James", added on at the end of the sentence.
    – BillJ
    May 15 at 9:49
  • yes, and can you explain it simply? May 15 at 9:49

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