Currently I'm learning about Changing Time Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases.
Here's an example I picked from my book:
After I heard Marika describe how cold it gets in Minnesota in the winter, I decided not to go there for my vacation in January.
My attempt to change the adverb clause to modifying adverbial phrase:
After hearing Marika describe how cold it gets in Minnesota in the winter, I decided not to go there for my vacation in January.
Now, come to my question. I can agree if "how cold it gets in Minnesota..." is written in a simple present since it's information and we know we would use present tense to describe a fact/information. But, why the word "describe" isn't in past tense? The word "describe" is action in the past, I believe.
I mean, something like: "After hearing Marika described how cold......"
I'd also like to know when we would prefer to use present tense in a past sentence even if the action is in the past.
Maybe, i have feeling that "Marika describe...." is also information. So, it's information that has been told by someone and the other one also told this information. And another question comes, why wouldn't it be "describes" instead of describe?
And what about this:
A) I saw Brian tell something to Jessy yesterday.
B) I saw Brian told something to Jessy yesterday.