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Are both the sentences correct?

  1. There are churches being built in India.

  2. There are churches that are being built in India.

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  • Your 1. is called a reduced relative clause. There are lots of posts about this on this site.
    – Lambie
    May 15, 2021 at 14:45

1 Answer 1

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Yes, they are both correct.

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  • They could both be correct. I would understand (1) as a simple statement (people are building churches in India right now), but I would interpret that are being built as a relative clause There are churches that are being built in India that have very high towers. May 15, 2021 at 16:05
  • @KateBunting In what way might (2) be incorrect to say by itself? (It seems to me that at most one might feel that the "that" is unnecessary, or not the best wording. But it seems correct to me, and might in some cases be preferred for the intention of expressing focus or emphasis.) e.g. "Filbert admitted there were churches in India, but said he didn't think anyone was building any new ones there today. The bishop replied, "You're incorrect. There are churches that are being built in India."
    – Dronz
    May 15, 2021 at 21:03
  • I didn't mean that it was necessarily incorrect, just that the that are seems unnecessary to me and suggests a relative clause. May 15, 2021 at 21:22

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