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I've been learning about conditional sentences and I want to propose my understanding and I hope somebody would tell me if these are wrong.

1. If X aux. verb, X would have Y always uses auxilary verb had

E.g.:

  1. I didn't vote in the election, but if I had, I would have voted for Senator Todd.
  2. I called my husband to tell him I would be late. If I hadn't, he would have gotten worried about me.

2. If the question starts with "Are" the negative answer must be No, but if X were

E.g.:

  1. Are you hungry? No, but if I were ....

3. If the question starts with "Do" the negative answer must be No, but if X did

E.g.:

  1. Do you speak Spanish? No, but if I did ....

4. If the question starts with "Did" the negative answer must be No, but if X had

E.g.:

  1. Did you forget to bring your grammar book? No, but if I had ....

That's all. I need to know whether my understanding is correct or not and please correct me with an example, so I can understand the topic.

Note: X is a subject and Y is an arbitrary thing that being done by X.

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  • 1
    Sorry, but you need to restrict this question a little...
    – Cascabel
    May 16 '21 at 1:18
  • 1
    Not sure if any of your rules are so fixed. Do you speak Spanish? No, but if I had learned some in school, I'd remember at least a little." May 16 '21 at 1:23
  • Ask one question at a time, not four. May 16 '21 at 3:27
  • @FeliniusRex Sorry but it's not four. I'm asking those 4 forms to compare each other in one topic "conditional sentence". If I ask separately, how do i know the difference? And how do I understand? Only people who can understand this topic not a book. Because I can just learn by myself if it's just one case. I have difficulty to differentiate those 4 forms. And also as Yosef's reply, he gave an example using I had on 3rd form. And from that, maybe I and other people who care can discuss it and compare with other forms. Still don't understand why there's a downvote there.
    – user516076
    May 16 '21 at 3:42
  • @user516076 Yes, you'll find people willing to help you no matter how you violate the rules, but that's a risky way to go. You're supposed to ask one tightly-focused question here. You didn't do that. That's why I said what I said AND downvoted you. May 16 '21 at 16:23
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All of your rules are incorrect in that they are overstated as absolute requirements.

All of your examples are correct, but there are other things that could be written, e.g.:

  1. If I were you, I would have voted for Senator Todd.
  2. No, I'm not.
  3. No, I don't.
  4. No, I didn't forget.

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