0

She seems to be sleeping.

She seems sleeping.

What's the difference? My question will be as you see: what's the function of 'to be'?

Previous knowledge: 'to infitive' is used to imply a 'future' event like 'something is to happen'

EDIT:

She seems to be happy

She seems happy.

Question is the same: What's the function of "to be"?

3

The first one is correct; sleeping is the participle form of the verb. We use the infinitive to be after seem.

We can use the participle like an adjective (the sleeping woman), but it is not idiomatic to say she seems sleeping.

2
  • Thx. Kate. Please see the EDIT ver. of the question. – Brandon May 23 at 8:14
  • 2
    "She seems to be happy" is the more 'correct' version. For some reason I can't explain, it is idiomatic in colloquial speech to use seem followed directly by an adjective, but not by a verb participle. – Kate Bunting May 23 at 8:25

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.