Learning to respect others is important.

Is the object: "to respect others" or "to respect"?

  • The only object is "others", which is object of "respect". The subordinate clause "to respect others" is complement of "learning".
    – BillJ
    May 24 '21 at 7:22
  • @BillJ Hi. Uhm, thanks for your answer but if I ask a question like this: Learning what is important?, the response will be to respect others.. Am I wrong? May 24 '21 at 7:26
  • Yes, the noun phrase "others" is object of respect, but "to respect others" is not a noun phrase but a clause, and clauses can't be objects.
    – BillJ
    May 24 '21 at 7:38
  • @BillJ "to respect others" isn't a subordinate clause; and clauses can be objects: "I know what you did last summer"
    – gotube
    May 24 '21 at 8:41
  • Within the gerund phrase, "Learning to respect others", "to respect others" is the object of the gerund "learning". "Others" is the only object of the sentence itself.
    – gotube
    May 24 '21 at 8:42

Learning [to respect others] is important.

The bracketed element, an infinitival clause, is not object but complement of the catenative verb "learning".

Within the complement clause, the NP "others" is object of "respect".

There are no other objects.

Note that (with one minor exception) only NPs, not clauses, can be objects.

  • Subordinate clauses, which can't stand alone, have three main purposes in life. A subordinate clause can describe nouns and pronouns; describe verbs, adverbs, and adjectives; or at act as the subject or object of another clause. in here, it’s been stated that clauses can be objects. May 24 '21 at 16:28
  • @NUMERICALUDD That's wrong! A subordinate clause cannot function as an object. I've already told you that twice. Whoever or whatever told you otherwise is wrong. (Btw, they don't modify adverbs, either).
    – BillJ
    May 24 '21 at 16:51

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