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What's the difference between get and take? How to choose the correct word for a specific context(Ex: I wanna get this or I wanna take this)?

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Take implies removal, therefore you can successfully take something only if it's physically in front of you. For example, if you are in the kitchen, you can take a cup from a cupboard in the kitchen, but you can't take it off the table in the bedroom until you're in the bedroom.

You can get something that's not in front of you - for example, getting groceries - you might have to go to the store first. You can't take them off the shelf until you are there. (You can emphasize the fact that getting something will involve a trip with go get X).

Take and get have additional meanings and generally they do not overlap.

  • Get X can mean "change your state/position to X" - e.g. get away, get out, you're getting tired, she got arrested, etc. Take doesn't work like that.

  • Get X can mean "understand X" or "internalize X with your knowledge/intuition" - e.g. yes, I finally get what you are saying. Take doesn't work like that.

  • Take X can be used with a few things to mean "eat/do something nourishing/fun/refreshing/educating" - e.g. take a break, take your lunch, take the medicine, take a class. It's not common to use get this way but possible because get means "obtain" (take is more synonymous with "remove").

  • Both get and take have a number of phrasal overloads, e.g. take over X (conquer or assume ownership of X), take out X (kill X), get over X (stop worrying/thinking about X), get at X (annoy X), etc.

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