As causative verb: I am going to have my friend be suprised.

???: I am going to astonish my friend

What are difference between verb "astonish" and verb "be suprised"? What is its name in grammar?

  • 1
    Do you mean, "I'm going to surprise my friend," vs., "I am going to let my friend be surprised"? May 26, 2021 at 21:28
  • I do not understand the question.
    – Lambie
    May 26, 2021 at 21:37
  • 1
    This Wikipedia article calls such words lexical causatives. But that is not a customary phrase (or category) in English grammar as far as I know.
    – Colin Fine
    May 26, 2021 at 23:11
  • Both astonish and surprise are verbs. Astonish is simply, "to surprise someone very much" (Ref: Oxford English Learners Dict. online). A synonym for astonish would be amaze. Therefore, by definition, the difference between astonish and surprise is astonish just a much higher degree of surprise. The list of English causative verbs are have, get, make, let, and help. The only one missing from your list above is help. I hope this answers your question.
    – Steve B053
    May 26, 2021 at 23:40
  • @BenjaminHarman (also Lambie and Steve B053) Sorry, ı have given nonsense examples. "Die" and "Kill" are a better examples. May 27, 2021 at 0:26

1 Answer 1


I've found what ı want; it's lexical causative. "Astonish" is a lexical causative".

  • Convertting a comment. Not sure about the correctness of this answer.
    – James K
    May 28, 2021 at 20:25

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