I heard a sentence as followed

Last year we had an exhibition that showcase how the town square has changed over the past fifty years.

Is it correct?


around 47 second

the sound of / -d / (in particular / -t /) is quite weak.

I thought in the context the word ‘showcased’ should be used instead of ‘showcase’.

Some websites which show incorrect transcript distract me.


Are there any other better explanation?

  • Please mention where you heard it. I'd assume it was a simple mistake.
    – James K
    Jun 2, 2021 at 6:26
  • @JamesK I just add the source. Is it just because the sound of / -d / is soft and weak. Why is that? Jun 2, 2021 at 6:37
  • 1
    She says "showcased" It isn't very clear, but the "t" sound (is unvoiced) is heard and it is written as "showcased" in the transcript.
    – James K
    Jun 2, 2021 at 6:47
  • And some other websites do not write "showcased" in their transcripts, instead just "showcase". It is a part of test preparation of TOEFL. That is why I am not sure and ask. Thanks for your confirmation. Jun 2, 2021 at 6:53

2 Answers 2


The correct choice is "showcased" rather than "showcase".

  • the transcript says "showcased".
  • the woman says "showcased".
  • the word expected by a fluent listener is "showcased".

It doesn't sound like any error was made.

During speaking, many syllables will not be emphasized. So, they pass by very quickly, almost inaudibly. It may depend on the listener expecting to hear something, and then the smallest indication of the sound is enough to confirm it.


The "ed" /t/ sound in "showcased" is actually elided. That is why you don't hear it. Why is it elided?

The "ed" /t/ sound here is commonly referred to as dropped t or silent t because the "ed" /t/ or t sound is a middle consonant sound between words.

Please look at the film at 1:08 around. You will find how the teacher utters "just thinking" without pronouncing t. If you need the detailed rules of dropped t/silent t, you can google them.

  • Great! These directions you gave are tips to get clear ideas on this topic. Appreciate it. Jun 3, 2021 at 14:37

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .