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What verb tense to use with the adverbial clause 'until'?

for example

I had been swimming until nine o'clock yesterday

I swam until nine o'clock yesterday

I was swimming until nine o'clock yesterday

I had swum until nine o'clock yesterday

1 Answer 1

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You can use most tenses, except present continuous or present perfect.

I swam until 9pm

I was swimming until 9pm

even

I had been swimming until 9pm

But past perfect is not for general use.

And in the future

I will swim until 9pm

I will be swimming until 9pm

You can use the present to talk about everyday activities

Every day after work, I swim until 9pm

the difference between "swam" and "was swimming" is pretty minor. Just the usual implications of a continuous, temporary, ongoing activity.

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