What does otherwise mean in the passage? Does it mean in a different way, or in a different situation?
In one experiment, a target individual who refused to complete a racist task was appreciated by neutral judges, but disliked by participants who had been asked to complete the racist task prior to the target — and who overwhelmingly did so without complaining. To participants who had willingly gone along with the problematic behavior, the otherwise exemplary stance of the rebel apparently represented a threat to their moral self-regard, which they addressed by putting him or her down, and reporting less respect for, and attraction to, the rebel. Demonstrating the role of the self-concept, participants whose self-concept had been secured before seeing the rebel (by reflecting on an important quality or value, and how they had recently demonstrated it) did not show the same backlash, even if they had done the racist task first. In fact, participants thus “self-affirmed” were able to learn from the rebel’s gesture. They admitted having had more freedom at the time of the task, and reported less comfort with their own choice.