0

Can you please explain the meaning of the sentence below in simple speech?

The Akrotirian potters seem to have responded to pressures beyond their households, namely to the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems.

I understand the meaning of 'beyond', but can you can explain "beyond their households" and "namely to the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems"?

3 Answers 3

1

The Akrotirian potters seem to have responded to pressures beyond their households, namely to the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems.

These potters started to produce pottery not only for themselves, but for use beyond their family context: they felt a pressure to produce because the trading system in their area was getting more and more complicated.

The article suggests that these potters were likely mass-producing pottery. Your example sentence seems to indicate that they had to, because the demand was growing and the return was shrinking.

2
  • The original passage quoted above is not saying that the potters were pressured to produce. Their challenges were having to deal with transport of goods to market and with payment as exchange systems were becoming more complicated. Sep 16, 2023 at 13:12
  • @TimR That's definitely a valid interpretation, yes.
    – Joachim
    Sep 16, 2023 at 15:02
0

"Beyond" here means "in addition", "household" means their house and everyone who lived in it, and "namely" means "specifically."

The sentence is saying that the Akrotirian potters experienced pressures outside of their homes, and specifically, the pressures that came from the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems.

6
  • They have responded to pressures beyond their households means they experienced the work load pressure at office in addition to household work. Is that correct?
    – Pankaj
    Jun 24, 2021 at 2:04
  • Well, I don't think the additional pressure is "at office". The additional pressure comes from "the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems."
    – soysoymilk
    Jun 24, 2021 at 2:13
  • can you share the source of info that says beyond means in addition?
    – Pankaj
    Jun 24, 2021 at 2:49
  • 1
    If this passage refers to archaeological evidence, the early potters probably worked in their own homes (certainly not in offices!). Beyond their households = in the wider world outside their homes. Jun 24, 2021 at 7:26
  • 1
    Trade-routes and markets and the way pottery was distributed (sold/bartered/transported/exported) all became more complex. The potters seem to have responded to this. (For example, if one item became popular they made more of those.) Jun 24, 2021 at 11:46
0

To put some of the ideas in the comments into an answer:

beyond refers to that which lies on the far side of some kind of limit or barrier:

The city lies beyond the mountain range.

The mountain range is between a given location and the city.

That price is beyond what I can afford to pay for a car.

So, in the "pressures" that existed "beyond their households", it is the walls of their households which are (figuratively) the barrier or limit. These pressure were found outside their households. And what exactly were those pressures?

... namely, the increasing complexity of regional distribution and exchange systems.

Regional distribution systems (transporting goods to markets near and far) and exchange systems (relative valuation of multiple currencies and/or commodities) were both getting more complex.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .