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Should part 1 be like- while he was crossing the road because of passive structure in part 2.

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  • The sentence is OK as it stands. Ellipsis allows you to elide superfluities like he was in this case. – user40475 Jun 24 at 14:52
  • You mean old man is still the subject in part 2 – Florida Jun 24 at 14:53
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The question we have to answer is "Who was crossing the road?"

While crossing the road, the old man was hit by a bus. [The old man was crossing the road.]

While crossing the road, the bus hit the old man. [The bus was crossing the road. Presumably, the old man was just standing in the middle of the road, else the bus would not have hit him when it crossed the road.]

Of course, the second sentence is absurd. If a bus is crossing the road, clearly the bus driver should be fired.

Here is the point: the phrase "While crossing the road" is intended to modify "the old man"--that is why it appears in close proximity to him in the sentence. The passive voice is irrelevant.

In order to cast this as an active voice sentence, you could write something like:

The bus hit the old man as he was crossing the road.

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  • I don't have reputation to vote. But i tried. Thanks – Florida Jun 24 at 15:22
  • @Florida be sure to come back and accept the answer, if it solves your problem – James K Jun 24 at 19:43
  • I am new here. Yes i know now how to accept. Done✔️ – Florida Jun 25 at 7:32

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