In the following sentence, does "these" correctly refer to three types of penalties that I have already mentioned in the last sentence? Is it clear that I am telling that based on the crime, judge can use one of these options?

There is a wide range of prison sentences such as life, fixed-term, and suspended imprisonment. Judiciary can opt for one of these, based on the severity of the crime that an offender has committed.

  • 1
    Yes, it is clear.
    – JavaLatte
    Commented Jul 6, 2021 at 4:19

1 Answer 1


Yes, it is clear that "these" refers to "a wide range of prison sentences". However, "judiciary" is not properly used here. It should be "the judge" or "the court". "Judiciary" means the whole institution or the government branch, not a single court.

  • Thanks. but I do not speak about a specific judge or court. Can I use a judge or judges?
    – a.toraby
    Commented Jul 6, 2021 at 8:12
  • @a.toraby Yes, "A Judge" or "judges" could be used. So could "A court". However, "The judge" would mean "The judge in the case being considered". and would not narrow the meaning. Commented Jul 6, 2021 at 13:56

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