1

what is difference between restrict and constrain in these sentence:

  • In those days women led very restricted/constrained lives

  • The cramped living conditions severely restricted/constrained the children’s freedom to play.

3
  • Not this NGram showing how signifanctly "restricted" has overtaken "constrained" in the popularity stakes over the past couple of centuries. Jul 8 at 12:15
  • ...so my advice is "When in doubt, use restricted". You probably won't go far wrong, since it's logically inconceivable that the huge usage shift in that chart reflects people wishing to convey different meanings today. On average, we're still saying the same things today that we were 200 years ago - it's just that today we usually use restricted rather than constrained. Jul 8 at 12:19
  • 1
    ...the chart also shows what a massive preference we have for using both verbs in passive constructions (I was restricted, rather than They restricted me). Be especially careful about using constrained in "active" contexts, because it's often far less idiomatic (I constrained myself to two glasses of wine is seriously non-idiomatic). Jul 8 at 12:24
1

Learner's dictionary says that they overlap between constrain and restrict. The differences are often overlooked:

Both can be used in the senses of holding something back by force or of limiting or restricting one's actions.

Restrain is used more in the sense of preventing an action:

  • Congress must restrain spending next year.

  • The man turned violent and it took four officers to restrain him.

  • I wanted more dessert, but I restrained myself.

Constrain is used more in the sense of placing limits, restrictions, or controls on an action:

  • The beauty of our sport is that there are hardly any rules to constrain you.

  • Industry regulations must not constrain innovation.

  • The police hope to impose order and constrain violence.

BUT

In actual usage, this distinction may not be very significant to the overall meaning of the context in which the words appear.

So it depends what you want to convey. However, GNgram shows that restricted is more used than constrained with the nouns lives and freedom.

As I do not have access to OED, I will quote this ELU post:

According to the Oxford dictionary: Restriction, constraint, restraint, or limitation? These are all things that limit what you can do. A restriction is a rule or law that is made by someone in authority. A constraint is something that exists rather than something that is made, although it may exist as a result of someone's decision. A restraint is also something that exists: it can exist outside yourself, as the result of someone else's decision; but it can also exist inside you, as a fear of what other people may think or as your own feeling about what is acceptable:moral/social/cultural restraints. A limitation is more general and can be a rule that someone makes or a fact or condition that exists.

1
  • Often, we restrict something from doing something, and we constrain something to do something. Jul 8 at 10:44

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.