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I noticed that “movement is slow” makes sense, but “moving is slow” doesn’t make sense.

I know “movement” is action, but I wonder what gerund “moving” means.

If there is sentence “her moving is important,” what does “important” modify?

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  • I think moving refers to the fact of something being moved rather than the action. "He was annoyed by her moving his spectacles." Jul 16, 2021 at 8:12

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Moving is the action you perform when you move. Movement is the result of that action. As a gerund, moving will refer to the fact that someone moves (something):

e.g.

  • Moving [the fact that you have moved] from A to B was a smart decision.

or a more concrete example

It scares me, but then I notice her moving [the fact that she is moving] backwards... (Moving by J P Walker)

Moving can also refer to the placement of something in a new place. For example:

The moving of the Mona Lisa: This Wednesday, amid huge fanfare, the Mona Lisa is to be unveiled in her new home in the Louvre. (Independent)

If you said "the movement of Mona Lisa", it would mean that the painting came to life and started moving! Never happened till now, unless you speak about "Beauties Of The Past Brought To Life (AI Animated)".

In fact movement is much closer to the noun move than to the gerundial noun moving. But this would be the topic of a different question.

Before finishing, I would just like to add that moving can also be used as an adjective (so it is a present participle meaning that moves/can move):

A moving object is one that moves:

  • a moving target
  • moving parts in a machine (Cambridge)

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