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I asked for his book, but he did not lend me.

What is the error in this sentence?

I have read on a website that--Personal pronouns come directly after the verb “lend.” So maybe "lend me" is correct.

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    to lend is a ditransitive verb, like to give. It normally requires both direct and indirect object, as in Lend me your ears, Give me your attention (direct object me, indirect object your ears / attention). On those rare occasions when the verb is used monotransitively (with only one object), the single object explicitly specified must always be the direct object (He gives piano lessons, They lend venture capital). So in your example, with only one explicit object, I asked for his book, but he would not lend it. Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 11:32
  • Compare I asked him for the book, but he said he never lends books (only one object, no preposition required because it's the direct object) and I asked him for the book, but he said he never lends to friends (again, only one object, but this time the preposition is required because it's the indirect object). Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 11:40
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    You've inverted direct and indirect in your first comment, @FumbleFingers. Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 13:18
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    @FumbleFingers A very humble query, if I may: In the sentence: Give me your attention. is me not the indirect object and your attention (the thing to be given) not the direct object - as per ** Give him the book**. Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 13:29
  • @RonaldSole, Gary Botnovcan: I should have had the courage of my convictions! I did originally write the single object ... must always be the indirect object in the first comment. Then after wondering whether I'd mixed them up I did a quick google search for "give him the ball direct indirect object", and somehow convinced myself to delete in. I may have been inconsistent anyway, so unilaterally changing direct to indirect (and vice-versa) in my two comments might still leave errors. But the basic point should still be valid (even though in- is misplaced! :) Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 16:46

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You lend something to someone. You need 'lend me it' or 'lend it to me'.

lend

verb A2 [ transitive ] to give something to someone for a short period of time, expecting it to be given back:

She doesn't like lending her books.

[ + two objects ] If you need a coat I can lend you one/lend one to you.

Lend (Cambridge Dictionary)

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