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For example, is “for me” in “it’s necessary for me to learn English” a part of a non-finite clause or just a independent prepositional phrase?

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    @Man_from_India's answer is right. Note that "me" is not object of "for" but subject of the infinitival clause "for me to learn English".
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 7, 2021 at 14:11
  • @BillJ can you help me identify the subject? "with that comes different strategies". But I think "with that" is the subject. Notice the third person singular form of verb - comes. Make it a question: "does with that come different strategies?" Attach a tag question: "with that comes different strategies, doesn't that?" What's the subject. I don't think the tag question is not correct. Please help. Commented Aug 9, 2021 at 14:24
  • I remember what H&P says about preposition phrase as subject. In my sentence the preposition phrase is not like the one H&P talks about. But still due to the form of come and inversion test I tend to believe the PP is the subject. But if we add a tag question, I think "different strategies" should be the subject. So I am confused here. Commented Aug 9, 2021 at 14:54
  • @Man_From_India I'd say it's a case of subject-dependent inversion. The basic non-inverted version with tag would be "Different strategies come with that, don't they?", where the pro-form "that" refers to something mentioned in the preceding discourse.
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 9, 2021 at 17:55
  • @BillJ I understand. But two things stopping me. Look at the form of verb "come". Third person singular. And "different strategies" is plural, and need "come". Further the interrogative sentence can be framed like this as well: "does with that come different strategies?" Or is my interrogative sentence wrong? Commented Aug 10, 2021 at 1:38

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"for me" in your example sentence is part of the non finite infinitive clause. "for" here is a sub-ordinator that introduces the subject of the infinitive clause. That "to" is also not a preposition but a subordinator.

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