There is a sentence that I can't understand:

"There are around 7000 languages spoken in the world."

Shouldn't we say??? :

"are spoken"

Where is the auxiliary verb?

  • Please clarify your specific problem or provide additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it's hard to tell exactly what you're asking.
    – Community Bot
    Aug 28 '21 at 9:14

"spoken around the world" is a participle phrase. It is often possible to convert a participle phrase to a relative clause.

Your sentence is equivalent to:

There are around 7000 languages that are spoken in the world."

But English allows the use of participle phrases to modify nouns. The given sentence is correct English. As are

This is a book written by my sister.


An apple eaten by a worm is no good for a pie.

(Participle phrases in italics)

  • Thank you for your help ✨
    – Niloo Far
    Aug 29 '21 at 6:27

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