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For which kind of conjunctions we need comma before or after them?

"I went to the baker, and then I went home."

"I can eat my cake now, or I can eat it later."

"I am listening to music, while reading a book."

Is the comma need in those sentences or not?

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    No, it isn't and in the last one it's at least questionable, if not altogether ungrammatical.
    – jimsug
    Commented Jul 21, 2014 at 13:24
  • for which conjunctions we need comma?
    – Ice Girl
    Commented Jul 21, 2014 at 13:26
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    Commas aren't governed by conjunctions, they're governed by logical relations within and between clauses, and in written record of spoken language, by pauses in the speech.
    – jimsug
    Commented Jul 21, 2014 at 13:28

1 Answer 1

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I went to the baker, and then I went home. yes

I can eat my cake now, or I can eat it later. yes

I am listening to music, while reading a book. no

The rule is that if you can split your sentence into two sentences (or "independent clauses"), then you need a comma before the conjunction. So for example you need a comma for this one:

I went to the baker. I went home.

But you can't do that with this one, so you don't need a comma:

I am listening to music. Reading a book.

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  • This does not click with my experience. "I went to the baked and then I went home" looks pretty fine to me. Are you sure you need the comma?
    – yo'
    Commented Jun 5, 2017 at 12:05

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