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Is "instead" used properly in the following? If not, please explain.

Joe rides a bike to work while all of his friends drive cars instead.

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It's redundant. I don't see that it adds meaning, except maybe as emphasis. The word "while" already establishes a contrast between what the two groups do, and that contrast is the subject of the sentence:

Merriam-Webster while
2a : when on the other hand :WHEREAS
easy for an expert, while it is dangerous for a novice

Lexico while
Whereas (indicating a contrast) one person wants out, while the other wants the relationship to continue

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    You could say "Joe no longer rides his bike to work, but goes by car instead" (that is, in place of the bike). Sep 11 at 8:21

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