Is it always necessary to repeat the pronoun before each verb?

For example, do I need always to say:

She called me and she said X

or can I use a shorter one

She called me and said X


  • 2
    You can use the shorter one. It is even more common.
    – juergen d
    Commented Jan 24, 2013 at 17:40

2 Answers 2


It's perfectly okay to say -

She called me and said X

Moreover, it is actually encouraged because repeating pronouns makes sentences awkward.
Only repeat pronouns if you think there will possibly be a confusion.

  • 3
    Sometimes repeating a pronoun adds confusion. She called her mother and she said X (who said X? She or her mother?) vs. She called her mother and said X--no confusion.
    – Flimzy
    Commented Jan 24, 2013 at 18:16
  • Sorry, this is not correct. See my answer. Commented Jan 24, 2013 at 18:17
  • @Flimzy Exactly. Although I think that should be a comment on the question, not my answer...?
    – Siddhartha
    Commented Jan 24, 2013 at 18:17

Ellipsis1 is not normally possible after other conjunctions besides and, but and or.

She didn't know where she was when she woke up.

Contrary to:

He was not hungry, but had to eat.

However, ellipsis of subject pronouns with forms of be is possible in some cases:

  • if possible
  • when arriving

Reference: M. Swan - "Practical English Usage"

1 Ellipsis is omission from a clause of one or more words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements.

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