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I came across the explanation of noun adjunct but still unsure which is the correct one to use in the example below. I'm unsure if the order here is considered as a noun or a verb.

Example sentence and its variation:

  1. For meals order, please pre-order at least 1 week in advance.
  2. For meals orders, please pre-order at least 1 week in advance.
  3. For meal orders, please pre-order at least 1 week in advance.
  4. For meal order, please pre-order at least 1 week in advance.

I'm also thinking if the prefix pre in pre-order is unnecessary if the sentence has stated 1 week in advance.

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  • Orders doesn't seem like it could be a verb here. For one thing, it looks like a conjugated verb - he/she/it orders - but that doesn't make sense: where is the subject?
    – stangdon
    Commented Mar 31, 2022 at 11:27
  • Hi @stangdon, from my limited command of English grammar, not a native speaker, I personally see "Meals" as the noun/subject here. Commented Mar 31, 2022 at 12:00

2 Answers 2

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A "noun adjunct" is when a word that's normally only a noun acts like a modifier - specifically, an adjective.

Some languages want adjectives to be plural to agree with nouns that are plural. Not English.

So - meal orders.

Possessive nouns end in 's or s' - and I guess those are noun adjuncts as well. I bring that up to say that meals orders will sound like you are saying meal's orders - meaning orders that belong to a meal. And it's not incorrect to say that, and the meaning won't really be too different than meal orders.


I'm unsure if the order here is considered as a noun or a verb.

Verbs (not verbals) appear after subject pronouns, unless they are commands. And you'll never have a command with a preposition in front of it.


I'm also thinking if the prefix pre in pre-order is unnecessary if the sentence has stated 1 week in advance.

Technically not needed, but it's OK to be redundant to add clairity. Especially when providing guidelines to the public or a large audience, this gives people not paying full attention additional chances to understand.

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It should be "For meal orders"

The word "order" is a count noun and it can be made plural. "Meals orders" sounds odd for the same reason that "the animals kingdom" sounds odd. It should be "the animal kingdom".

I also searched the Internet and you get plenty of results for "meal orders".

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