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So I'm a bit confused. Is this sentence a participle phrase or absolute phrase? And whats the difference?

Having eaten very late, the children became sleepy right after dinner.

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2 Answers 2

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It's not an absolute clause because it has no subject. It's a gerund-participial clause functioning as an adjunct. - BillJ

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[Having eaten very late], the children became sleepy right after dinner.

The bracketed element is a participial clause functioning as an adjunct, but it doesn't qualify as an absolute because it doesn't contain a subject.

Absolutes are loosely attached non-finite clauses and, importantly, they have no syntactic link to the main clause, hence the requirement for a subject.

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