Tonight I was reading a text about the English language, which included the following sentence :
One in ten people speak (English) as their mother tongue
I was surprised by this usage, and so I checked in the OALD. I found that "in" is defined (18th meaning) as "used to show a rate or relative amount" and this example is given "a gradient of one in five".
"out of" is defined (11th meaning) as "from a particular number or set" and the following example is given "you scored six out of ten".
Am I the only one who cannot tell the difference between the two expressions? Would it be wrong to say "One out of ten people speak (English) as their mother tongue" ?