For example the word used for calling for silence in English is "shh", and "ahh" for surprise, is there any sound for anger?
DialFrost has a good answer, but there are sounds that just don't have any specific pronounceable phonetic equivalent.
Growls (especially those originating from the back of the throat/sinus or from a closed mouth) are one of these examples, and transcends language. Anyone of any language should understand these sounds as anger. These are often written as "grrr", as DialFrost mentions, but that's more of a "universal representation" rather than an accurate description of the sound, as it's often not articulated as a "g" or "r" sound any more than a cat purring would.
Screams are often represented as "ahhh" or "aaaah", but that's only an approximation of the sound made. Again, it's more of a "universal representation" rather than an accurate description.
Along those lines, a person may shout a partial swear word when surprised or when injured, only to trail off as they realize how loud they were and not wanting to offend others by finishing the word.
This leads into the Yosemite Sam type of mutterings where the words aren't articulated in any meaningful way, so they are often represented in text by punctuation: #$%<^&>*! Of course, this was done within the cartoons as an alternate to swearing in front of kids, but this happens in the real world, too. While there may be individual syllables that might be discerned, such as partial (swear) words, there's no real meaning behind it. This type of muttering was likely modeled after actual usage by people trying not to swear in public, when swearing in public was considered a nearly unforgivable social offense.