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In the sentence:

What are the benefits of earning money?

What part of speech is the word "earning"? And what function does it serve to the word "money" after that?

2 Answers 2

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As another answer notes, "earning" is a gerund. If you look up its headword form ("earn") in a dictionary, the part of speech is verb. In your sentence, it functions as the object of the preposition "of", so some people would say that it acts as a noun, and some people might even call it a noun.

"Earning" is the parent of "money", which functions as its direct object.

By the way, this is only one interpretation. Some people might refer to "gerund-participles", "prepositional complements", etc.

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"Earning" here is a gerund, a verb acting as a noun; together with "money" it is a prepositional complement.

Purdue Owl

Grammarly

Cambridge

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  • What part of the speech is the word: "benefit"?
    – randomuser56
    May 10 at 19:42
  • No, @garnerstan, "earning" is a verb. Plain and simple. Nouns don't have objects, but verbs do!
    – BillJ
    May 11 at 6:25

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