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Hi I couldn't figure out the usage "it was printed using the new steam presses..."

Herschel’s Preliminary Discourse was a product of the industrial age: it was printed using the new steam presses, on cheap paper, with mechanised stereotyping instead of hand-set blocks, and it was bound not in leather but in calico cloth and cardboard.

It seems ungrammatical that "using" follows "was printed". Is "using" here an adjective? What is the reduced form here?

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  • The steam presses were used to print the book - it's as simple as that. Jun 5, 2022 at 12:41
  • "using the new steam presses" is a participial phrase.
    – stangdon
    Jun 5, 2022 at 13:51

1 Answer 1

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I paste here the whole paragraph.

Herschel’s Preliminary Discourse was a product of the industrial age: it was printed using the new steam presses, on cheap paper, with mechanised stereotyping instead of hand-set blocks, and it was bound not in leather but in calico cloth and cardboard.

printed is a verb. Why then would using be an adjective?

using the new steam presses is an adverbial phrase describing how the book was printed.

That clause is fine.

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