Can someone explain this to me? I am confused by these gerund or adjective clauses.

Lionel messi attending the party.

Dolphins jumping at marineland in California.

Mafia selling drugs.

Bertrand Russell speaking at a protest meeting in Trafalgar square.

An oilrig drilling in the abu Dhabi offshore oilfields in the Persian gulf.

A child playing with an educational toy.

Rabbits drinking at a water-hole in Australia.

An Indian grass snake swallowing a frog.

  • I’m voting to close this question because photo captions have their own rules. These are not sentences nor pretend to be. Jun 23 at 13:22
  • The clauses describe something that is happening, presumably in a photograph, as Yosef says. Jun 23 at 14:03
  • 1
    The salient interpretation is that they are noun phrases whose heads are modified by the gerund-participial (ing) clauses.
    – BillJ
    Jun 23 at 14:12


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