This paragraph is in a long essay about changes in reading habits:
Ziming Liu from San Jose State University has conducted a series of studies which indicate that the ‘new norm’ in reading is skimming, involving word-spotting and browsing through the text(1). Many readers now use a pattern when reading in which they sample the first line and then word-spot through the rest of the text (2). When the reading brain skims like this, it reduces time allocated to deep reading processes. In other words, we don’t have time to grasp complexity, to understand another’s feelings, to perceive beauty, and to create thoughts of the reader’s own.
Although I have read a lot about the use of the article "the", but I am confused why the writer uses "the" in (1) and (2). As I see these senteces are not specific cases, These sentences describe a new phenomenon in general.
Is it still correct if I remove "the" in (1) and (2)?