paternalism (n.) = ..."government **as** by a father over his children,..."
What part of speech is as here, and then which of the many definitions of as befits? Please explain the steps or thought processes, for want of determining this myself for the future? I've researched them but am still confused as to which one is accurate and am vacillating between:
Adverb 1. Used in comparisons to refer to the extent or degree of something:
Conjunction 1. Used to indicate that something happens during the time when something else is taking place: 2. Used to indicate by comparison the way that something happens or is done:
Preposition 1. Used to refer to the function or character that someone or something has 2. During the time of being (the thing specified):