Geoffrey Leech in his book states that Past Continuous requires an "anchor" to be used.(most of the times) around which it forms "temporal frame". "Anchor" validates the use of Past Continuous. I am trying to ascertain what types of anchors there are.
By "validating the use of Past Cont" I mean that these anchors will make my utterance self-sufficient and not requiring any additional sentences. If you notice that some utterances are not self-sufficient and require additional sentences please point that out because that means that this type of anchor doesn't work. These are the things (in bold) that I suspect serve as anchors:
- Very short period of time (or moment in time).
-Where were you at 10? -yesterday at 10 I was fixing my car
- When-clause with complete action or just a standalone complete action:
When I just joined the military, we were doing 100 sit-ups every day*
I got really bored on my way home because I was reading Shakespear
-How is Jack? - Last time I saw him, he was selling cars
In my 20s I was dreaming of becoming a lawyer and enrolled in law school
- regular action in past simple or past state
I had no money last year because I was working a dead-end job (past state)
Last year she played tennis every day because she was training for a big tournament (regular action in past)
- When-clause with regular action or with past state
when I was sick with Covid I was eating a lot of butter (When+past state)
When I worked at Google they were paying me $500" (when+regular action)
When I was on vacation I was swimming in the sea and eating fruits (when+past state)
- Adverb or adverbial phrase of time
In 2017 I was building my summer house
Last October I was fixing my car every day
Which of these anchors are not valid? (i.e. utterance requires another sentence to sound complete) Could you suggest any other anchors or tips?