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I'm wondering if I could emphasise any sentences in the perfect tense form like when people emphasise the present and the past tenses.

I mean to say, I see a lot of expressions like these:

  1. I do understand what you are trying to say.
  2. She did try to call the cops.

Is there any chance I could emphasise this perfect-tense sentence if it's possible?

I have made a reservation!

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  • Certainly you can - why do you think you can't? Commented Jul 27, 2022 at 13:40
  • @KateBunting Thanks, how? Should I say "I do have made a reservation"? I'm not sure since I haven't heard someone says like that.
    – user516076
    Commented Jul 27, 2022 at 13:43
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    I see - No, you don't emphasise it using do, just "I have made a reservation." Commented Jul 27, 2022 at 13:46
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    You cannot emphasize it in writing. Only in speech. do works for present simple and did for past simple. The others require changing your intonation.
    – Lambie
    Commented Jul 27, 2022 at 14:04
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    Basically, you cannot use the emphatic do if there is already a modal or other "helping verb".
    – stangdon
    Commented Jul 27, 2022 at 14:23

2 Answers 2

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Sure, you can apply the same emphasis here. Typically you'd do this when someone is implying that you did not make a reservation, e.g.:

Them: You're so forgetful; I asked you to book us a table yesterday and you still haven't made a reservation...

You: I have made a reservation!

Note that you'd only typically use this form if someone previously said "you haven't made ...". As a counter-example, if they said "I asked you and you didn't make a reservation", then you'd typically respond "I did make a reservation" rather than "I have made ...".

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The difficulty of this question is that perfect tenses already have an emphatic use.

Parent

I told you to do your homework.

Child

I have done my home work.

But obviously the perfect tenses have other uses, and how do you emphasize them? You need to use other words or phrases.

I have got home from work and am enjoying some beer.

implies recency.

I have just got home from work

emphasizes that “recent” means quire recent.

I have not found my phone

has current relevance.

I have still not found my phone

implies that the search has been going on for some time (not so recent) but emphasizes its continuing and frustrating relevance,

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