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The North West of England has seen the greatest percentage increase in first-time buyer prices, rising by 35% (£43,812) over five years to 2021. Source: independent.co.uk

Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising from 72 billion minutes in 1995 to just 90 billion in 1998.

I have seen many sentences like these ones on the news, so I'm sure the above sentences are correct. My problem is that I don't know why: I read that participle clauses are used to show result, reason, and concurrency, but the writers of the above sentences didn't use them to do those things.

As far as I am concerned, the writers of those sentences just used participle clauses to add additional information.

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    Yes, participle clauses commonly show result, reason and concurrency, but those aren't the rule for their use. The rule for their use relates to which grammatical structures can participle clauses replace. The semantic function of those grammatical structures is irrelevant. Lambie's answer shows which structure the participle clause replaced in your example sentence.
    – gotube
    Aug 15, 2022 at 21:31
  • Surely it's expressing concurrency, saying what the rise was in the period? Why don't you think that?
    – Stuart F
    Sep 15, 2023 at 11:07

1 Answer 1

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"Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising from 72 billion minutes in 1995 to just 90 billion in 1998."

is the same as:

"Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period and they rose from 72 billion minutes in 1995 to just 90 billion in 1998."

To avoid making a compound sentences, writers often use participle clauses. They also sound better, very often.

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  • It's too bad about poor dvts.
    – Lambie
    Aug 16, 2022 at 18:29

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