Everyday life in mediaeval Finland was very different from the way of life of the Christian peoples of the Mediterranean. The climate rendered the agricultural yield considerably lower in northern than in southern Europe, and this had a significant effect on culture and society overall. But the involvement of the Church led in time to many common traditions within Western Christendom, resulting in the core of shared cultural values that we find in today’s Western Europe. A major contributory factor was the standardised education in Latin and the sacraments for the priesthood offered by the cathedral schools and universities in central and southern Europe.
- A history of Finland by Hendirk Meinander
What does "sacraments for the priesthood" in this context? And how does a school "offer" such a sacrament?
Does "sacraments for the priesthood" mean the ceremony in which a man is turned into a priest by a bishop? Or something else?
And my other question is: What does it mean to "offer" such a sacrament? Were those schools offered a religious education and in the end they accepted their students into priesthood?
I'm aiming to translate this text into my own language and am not a christian. That is why I want to know detailed explanation for providing correct sentences.