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Two centuries later (1438) a Birgittine convent was founded in Nådendal (Naantali), near the seat of the bishopric in Åbo, flourishing for a brief period before the Lutheran Reformation swept across northern Europe in the sixteenth century. (bolds my me)

  • A history of Finland by Henrik Meinander

I think that the author means that the convent founded was serving "under the rule of" bishopric. Is this correct? Or does it mean geographically, founded convent was located somewhere near the juricdiction of that bishopric?

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    Your second conjecture is correct - the use of seat to mean a base or centre. See dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/seat Commented Aug 17, 2022 at 14:54
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    Also, a bishop has their official seat (throne) in a cathedral (named from the Latin cathedra, a seat). Commented Aug 17, 2022 at 15:06
  • So the text here tells about geographical proximity between this cathedra (where the bishop sits) and convent right?
    – 1amroff
    Commented Aug 17, 2022 at 15:08
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    @KateBunting The Latin cathedra itself comes from Ancient Greek (κατά - “down” + ἕδρα -seat). But it is true that the English got it from Latin, not directly from Greek.
    – fev
    Commented Aug 17, 2022 at 15:09
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    Yes, it says that the convent was near the cathedral. Commented Aug 17, 2022 at 15:19

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A region under the jurisdiction of a bishop is a "bishopric" or "diocese", or "episcopal see". Each diocese is centred on a city with a cathedral, and this cathedral said to be the "seat" of the bishop.

So the convent was near the cathedral of Åbo (The Swedish name for Turku). Indeed, it is about 15km from the cathedral to Naantali.

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