I’m looking for a term that describes the dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence that modifies the predicate (not sure if I’m describing this accurately). For example, in the sentence “With a lot of force, John pushed over the boulder,” I want to describe the “with a lot of force” portion. Another example: “Reluctantly, Bob gave John his lunch.” -> “Reluctantly”

My English teacher called this “companion action”, but after searching this term up, it seems like my teacher made up this term? I would greatly appreciate any clarification on this.



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