In this following context, what does the phrase ''as such'' mean? Does it mean ''therefore''or ''in itself''? Or does it refer something which is an antecedent?

Please, explain this to me...


What we call “chariot” has no existence apart from and independent of axle, wheels, shaft, etc. What we call “house” is merely a convenient name for stone, wood, iron, etc., put together after a certain fashion, so as to enclose a portion of space, but there is no separate house-entity as such in existence.

Source: Page.7 ''Fundamentals of Buddhism'' by Nyanatiloka Mahåthera

  • These are translations from the German originals and pretty badly done.
    – Lambie
    Commented Sep 23, 2022 at 16:48
  • there is no separate house-entity as such in existence = nothing which can be properly described as a "separate house-entity" exists. I'd say that mostly the text is just airy-fairy waffle, but what it's saying is essentially that "a house" is just a mental construct that doesn't really "exist" as a thing in and of itself (all that actually exists are the component parts - bricks, tiles, windows, etc.). Commented Sep 23, 2022 at 17:03
  • @Lambie, please share this information to me...
    – Sakya Kim
    Commented Sep 24, 2022 at 2:33
  • I doubt he wrote in English: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narada_Maha_Thera
    – Lambie
    Commented Sep 24, 2022 at 18:16
  • May be, but data lost, @Lambie
    – Sakya Kim
    Commented Sep 25, 2022 at 8:56

2 Answers 2


–but there is no separate house-entity as such in existence.(There is no separate house-entity exactly(in terms of its meaning) in existence)


It appears that it is a play on words involving the philosophical concept of the “thing-in-itself,” which is a translation of “das ding an sich.”

I am certainly not qualified to explicate Kantian philosophy, but here is something to get you started



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