Is the word "processing" a gerund in this sentence?

Women also had to shoulder the responsibility for new labor-intensive tasks, processing the secondary products of larger herds.

Source: "Ancient Greece from Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times" by Thomas R. Martin


1 Answer 1


The source has a comma before "processing".

This makes "processing the secondary products of larger herds" a gerund-participle phrase in apposition to "tasks". (Most modern grammars don't distinguish between gerunds and present participles).

It is a gerund-participle (and not a noun) because it has a direct object, and an implicit subject (women).

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