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Diets that are high in saturated fat clog up our arteries, thereby reducing the blood flow to our hearts and brains.

Regular exercise strengthens the heart, thereby reducing the risk of heart attack.

Hello. I often come across such sentences in academic books. How should I think when translating such sentences? More importantly, how else could we write such sentences?

For example : The bomb exploded, destroying the building. The bomb exploded and it destroyed the building. ? (cause - result ) or Regular exercise strengthens the heart, thereby which cause to reduce the risk of heart attack. or She forgot to tie her shoes, thereby tripping and falling down the stairs. She forgot to tie her shoes, **thereby she tripped and falled down the stairs.**She forgot to tie her shoes, **thereby which cause to trip and fall down the stairs

Finally, do you have a resource or book recommendation that specifically explains this subject? Maybe there have been people who asked questions about this subject before, but believe me, I couldn't find the answer I wanted. Thank you...

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    "thereby which cause to" doesn't make sense in English. Don't use that.
    – Billy Kerr
    Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 17:41
  • Thereby means because of this, as a result, so there is no need to add 'which cause to' (which is ungrammatical anyway). She forgot to tie her shoes, which caused her to trip and fall downstairs. Commented Sep 27, 2022 at 8:22

2 Answers 2

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Diets that are high in saturated fat clog up our arteries, thereby reducing the blood flow to our hearts and brains.

Let us replace "thereby" with "and because of this," "pronoun" (pronoun for the main subject)

Diets that are high in saturated fat clog up our arteries, and because of this, they reduce the blood flow to our hearts and brains.

Also note the change in the verb "reduce" in the second sentence and the first sentence.

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  • First of all thanks for your reply. diets = they Do we always think that there is a common subject in such sentences? Can you give other examples? Or can you suggest a resource that includes these examples?
    – emilyany
    Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 18:46
  • I am glad that you found my answer helpful. Unfortunately I am unable to suggest you any resources. The reason is, I was in touch with academics and literature long back. Now I am not in touch with academics and literature. Oxford and BBC used to publish writing guides. I don't know if they still do.
    – banuyayi
    Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 20:49
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In your examples thereby reducing is more or less equivalent to and this/these reduces/reduce.

For example, you could reword the sentences as follows:

Diets that are high in saturated fat clog up our arteries, and these [diets] reduce the blood flow to our hearts and brains.

Regular exercise strengthens the heart, and this [exercise] reduces the risk of heart attack.

You can't say thereby which cause to. This doesn't make sense in English, although it may make sense in your language. Good luck with your translation!

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