I read a sentence in my textbook: "The coast can expect thunderstorms"

Does the word 'expect' mean we 'hope' something happens in that case ?


Expect doesn't mean hope.

The sentence your textbook used means "It is expected that the coast will get thunderstorms." which is different from "Her parents expected high standards from her." In the first case, expected means thought or believed; in the second case, expected means demanded.

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    The first example is fine, but in the second, "expected" does not mean "demanded"; it is closer to "(strongly) hoped for" or "anticipated". – Steve Melnikoff Mar 1 '13 at 16:29

"Expect" means "anticipate", to believe that something is going to happen or is likely to happen.

It is sometimes used to mean "hope" or "wish", like a parent may tell a child, "I expect you to behave yourself at school today", meaning that the parent hopes the child will behave or is commanding the child to behave. This is, I think, a derived meaning from "anticipate". You are saying, "This is what I want you to do, and I just take it for granted that you will do it, right? You ARE going to do what I ask, aren't you?"

As BarrieEngland says, "the coast" here is a personification of an inanimate object. I don't suppose that "the coast" has any thoughts about the weather, it is people who have thoughts about what the weather on the coast will be.


It means that it is very likely that there will be thunderstorms along the coast. This is a figurative use of langauge in which the coast is imagined as being person, and thus capable of having expectations.

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