I've met all my good friends during my stay in New York.

The band hit the big time during the 1990s.

Please remain seated during the performance.

Above are three example usages of the preposition 'during' as the head of an adverbial phrase in a sentence. That is, the prepositional phrases starting with 'during' in the sentences modify the verbs 'met,' 'hit,' and 'remain,' respectively.

Can the preposition 'during' also be used to link items in a noun phrase as in sentences below?

The stage lights during the performance were painfully bright for the eyes.

Same sex marriage during the early 1900s was strictly forbidden.

Are these sentences grammatically valid?

  • 2
    Yes, PPs can function as post-head modifiers in NP structure.
    – BillJ
    Oct 29, 2022 at 9:01
  • @BillJ thank you. Are there no exceptions?
    – gyute
    Oct 30, 2022 at 1:31

1 Answer 1


Yes, they are valid, but it would be more usual to rearrange them:

*The stage lights were painfully bright for the eyes, during the performance.

Same sex marriage was strictly forbidden, during the early 1900s.*


*During the performance the stage lights, were painfully bright for the eyes.

During the early 1900s, same sex marriage was strictly forbidden.*

There's nothing wrong with your original examples, though.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .